Back To Square One


The meaning of the phrase back to square one is to return to the beginning of something, either due to failure or because things did not go as planned.

Example: We had a hard time deciding where to go for our vacation. We talked about potential locations for hours, but our discussion took us nowhere and now we’re back at square one. Maybe we’ll try the island of Maui, since it has beautiful scenery and it also fits within our budget.

Synonyms / Similar Phrases: back to the drawing board, back to the beginning, start from scratch

Going back to square one, board game Snakes and Ladders.
This is the children’s game Snakes and Ladders. Does the phrase come from this board game?

The Origin of ‘Back To Square One’

There are a couple theories about the origin of the phrase ‘back to square one,’ so let’s go over them:

#1: It’s thought that this phrase may come from the board game Snakes and Ladders. This game is played on a board that looks like a grid (as seen in the picture above). Players start the game on square one and their goal is to reach the ending square. Progress is made by rolling dice.

There are some spaces on the board with pictures of snakes on them. If a player lands on one of these squares, they are sent backwards a set distance. Sometimes, landing on a snake will even send a player all the way to the beginning, back to square one (hence the phrase)!

Of note, there are various board layouts for this game with snakes in different locations. So not all boards have snakes on them that lead back to the starting square.

This is one of the theories for how the saying originated. Interestingly, one of the earliest appearances of this expression in print is from a 1952 edition of the Economic Journal and it is used in connection with the board game:

“He has the problem of maintaining the interest of the reader who is always being sent back to square one in a sort of intellectual game of snakes and ladders.”

Theory #2

If the phrase ‘back to square one’ did not come from the game Snakes and Ladders, then here’s another theory about its origin:

#2: This expression may come from a children’s game known as hopscotch. Hopscotch is played with multiple people and the course takes place on numbered squares that are written onto the ground. Players throw a marker into one of the squares and then they try to hop through the course while avoiding the square with the marker in it.

If a player makes a mistake, their turn ends. These mistakes include stepping on a line or losing balance and falling. Depending on the rules, once it’s their turn again they can do one of two things. They can either resume from the square they left off at, or they have to return to the start, that is, back to square one (hence the expression).

Example Sentences

  • Jake was sent back to square one after the sand castle he built was ruined by someone carelessly walking into it.
  • I’ve had the same exercise routine for a year now. However, I feel like I’m back at square one with my fitness level because I broke my foot and it took months before I could workout again.

Similar Examples:

  • The cookies I made had a weak flavor, so I went back to the drawing board; I need to think of a better recipe.
  • He created a paper airplane that didn’t fly as well as he hoped, so he plans to start from scratch with a new design.

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